9 Secrets to composition in photography – By sapalphotography

Today I will share with you 9 Secrets to composition in photography? Why is it so important for beginners and how to apply it in various situations.

I will share the 9 secrets to composition in photography but firstly I should tell you what is a composition,

so let’s dive in.

what is a composition in photography?

The composition is a way of guiding the viewer’s eye towards the most important elements of your work,

sometimes – in a very specific order.

Composing an image means regulating elements within it in a way that suits the focus idea or goal of your work best.

A good composition can help make a masterpiece even out of the most boring objects and subjects in the plainest of environments.

9 Secrets Are in the following ways/photography tips

1. Try not fit too many subjects in a frame

Filling the frame with your subject, leaving little or no space around it can be very effective in some situations.

It helps concentrate the viewer completely on the main subject without any confusion. 

But sometimes when it is too crowded like in the above image composition does not work and it cannot convey the story.

Leaving negative space around your subject can be very attractive.

2. Apply the rule of thirds

Photography basics are Rule of Thirds is a type of off-center composition where important elements of a photograph are placed along a 3×3 grid where horizontal and vertical are intersecting

which equally divides the image into nine parts,( horizontal lines and vertical lines)

You then position the important elements in your scene along those horizon lines, or at the points where they meet,

As shown below :

The concept is that an off-center composition is more pleasant to the eye and looks more natural than one where the subject is placed right in the middle of the frame.

It also inspires you to make creative use of negative space, the empty areas around your subject.

If you want a complete beginner photography guide to what is rule of thirds than click here

3. Use Leading lines

When we see at a photo our eye is naturally drawn along lines.

By imagining about how you place these leading lines in your composition, you can affect the way we see the image,

dragging us into the picture, towards the subject, or on a journey “through” the scene.

You can also use the center of the frame

There are several various types of lines – straight, diagonal line, curvy, zigzag, radial and each can be used to improve our photo’s composition.

In the above photo of a road, leading lines are Straight lines.

I was just paying attention one day and I would personally recommend you to follow the landscape photography pattern as it contributes more to leading lines  

4. Use the Depth of Field

The depth of field is the amount of your photograph that looks sharp from front to back

The depth of field that you choose when taking an image will drastically affect the composition of an image.

It can separate a subject from its background and foreground (when using a shallow depth of field),

adjusting focal length

or it can put the same subject in context by revealing it’s surrounded with a larger depth of field.

If you want a complete guide on the depth of field click here

5. Symmetry and pattern

Symmetry is attractive to the human eye it allows the viewers to navigate. We gravitate to these visual imperfections like an ant to sugar.

There is a comfort to these images. They offer a peaceful and calming mood. For posing portraiture, it might seem strange, but for landscapes, they work well.

Another great way to use them is to break the pattern in some way, introducing tension and a focal point to the scene like in the.

6.  Balance Elements in the Scene

The second compositional guideline we saw in this blog was the ‘rule of thirds’.

This, of course, means that we usually place the main subject of the photo to the side of the frame with one of the vertical grid lines.

Sometimes this can point to a lack of balance in the scene

It can give a sort of ‘void’ in the rest of the frame.

To surmount this and add an element of composition you can compose your shot to hold a secondary subject of lesser importance or size on the other side of the frame.

This balances out the composition without taking too much focus on the main subject of the photograph.

Take a look at this photograph

The boat itself fills the left side of the frame. The Building in the distance counterbalances this on the other side of the frame.

7.Rule of Odd Numbers

Studies have shown people prefer odd numbers over even numbers when looking at something.

For some reason, characters feel more at ease when looking at photographs with an unusual number of subjects,

so it’s something we can utilize to further enhance our photography composition.

The above photo of brinjal is much better than even number six or eight and those flying cut brinjal give a unique composition to the picture.

8. Focus on Framing

Most importantly the world is full of objects which make perfect natural frames, for example, trees, archways, and holes.

By putting these around the edge of the composition you help to separate the main subject from the outside world.

Observe the above, here the first photographer framed the scene image where the sea tower and the girl are framed in the same angle which creates, proper composition.

My tip to you would be don’t blur the background unnecessarily, let the scenery captured perfectly.

9. Use the golden ratio

Mastering composition, the golden ratio in digital photography means two quantities are in the golden ratio if their ratio is the same as the ratio of their sum to the larger of the two quantities.

The golden ratio is a compositional technique. It is sometimes called the Fibonacci spiral, golden spiral, phi grid, or golden mean.

It supports lead the eye through the entire photo, pointing to more captivating images.

The golden spiral suggests placing the subject on the smallest box in that spiral.

Frequently asked question (FAQ)

What do exposure and composition mean in photography?


Exposure means raising the right amount of light on the sensor either the film in order to record a scene with your camera.

Proper exposure avoids too much light (overexposed) and too little light (underexposed).

The composition is a way of guiding the viewer’s eye towards the most important elements of your work.

2. Can you give composition tips for street photography?


Street photography unusually gives time to compose and frame a scene in the landscape sort of way.

Situations arise and fade so quickly that a street photographer must learn to foretell and ‘see’ the shot even before it happens

focus street photos to be B&W and moody

Watch Lightroom tutorials for post-composition

Here are a few other related posts you might also enjoy:

Here are a few other related posts you might also enjoy:

The Ultimate Guide To What Is An Iso in Photography?

11 Secrets To Golden hour photography

The Ultimate Guide to the rule of thirds in photography

Explained in depth. What is shutter speed in photography?

CONCLUSION– If you have more doubts about What is composition in photography then please watch What is composition in photography tutorial on youtube to clear the idea in your mind or read photography articles. And remember rules meant to be broken, so my advice to you will be sometimes you should break the rule.      

So, I hope you have enjoyed reading our article please do not forget like share and comment

I will see you in my next photography blog!!!

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